The volume collects the papers presented at the international conference Biblical Anthropology. A Message for Contemporary People, co-organized by the Catholic University of Lublin and the Pontifical Bible Commission, which took place on October 20-21, 2021. Taking as the point of departure the document of the Pontifical Biblical Commission What Is Man? A Journey through Biblical Anthropology, the authors reflect on the topics related to biblical anthropology and their importance for contemporary society. They often refer to the notion of the image of God in a person and to the relational character of the human being. Other subjects discussed in the volume include: hermeneutics and methodological approach to biblical anthropology; human emotions; sexuality; logic of solidarity and attitude toward the created world; historical and eschatological orientation of the human being; the essence of the human “self”; interaction between mind, body and desires; and free will. In the abundance and diversity of the presented content, the authors seek to provide answers to the question of how to communicate the truths of biblical anthropology to contemporary people, entering into dialogue with modern science, without losing the specificity of the biblical message.